New York has poorly implemented reform.
Other jurisdictions have done a better job.
We need to end both the private surety bond industry and bounty hunting in the United States. In many cases,the surety bond industry stands in the way of bail reform, understandably of course, as bail reform tends to wreck their business model.
In common law jurisdictions outside the United States, either the defendant, or a surety on behalf of the defendant, pledges bond to the court. If not the defendant, the surety would be a family member or friend of the defendant. Commercial sureties are prohibited. When the defendant is released on bond, no money changes hand, but if the defendant skips court, the bond becomes executable against his property. There are no bounty hunters, only regular law enforcement pursues skipped defendants.
Bond amounts are set based both on the income/wealth of the defendant and the severity of the accusations. Most defendants, even poor defendants, can make bail.
The United States should adopt a similar system.