A meticulous analysis of online activity during the 2016 campaign makes a powerful case that targeted cyberattacks by hackers and trolls were decisive.
This is a very lengthy review of the book “Cyberwar: How Russian Hackers and Trolls Helped Elect a President—What We Don’t, Can’t, and Do Know,” by Kathleen Hall Jamieson, a professor of communications at the University of Pennsylvania.
She attempts to answer the question of whether the Russian attack on our elections in 2016 actually affected the outcome in favor of Trump. And while it is impossible to quantify exactly, she makes the case that yes, it is quite decisive from her research that these attacks did in fact change the outcome of the election.
It is an interesting read. There are counter-arguments made as well in the article. I believe it is unquestionable that these unprecedented attacks on our nation in 2016 had an impact. Coupled with a lot of other events and situations that occurred.