To be clear, the order of operations is not driven by direction, left or right. It is an established order based on a set of rule, it just happens that the order of operations in this case occurs from right to left in the equation.
It depends. Modern interpretation of the order of operations considers the implicit multiplication of 2(4) to be considered in normal left to right order. So it’s essentially: 8 / 2 * (4) = 16. The 2(4) product doesn’t take precedence over 8 / 2. In other words, the P in PEMDAS only applies to the result inside the parentheses.
Used to have a great time with this when I taught classes in Excel. Used it as kind of an ice breaker on constructing formulas.
I’d ask them for a series of numbers which I’d include in a formula purposely incorporating PEMDAS signs in a left to right order that made a difference as I went on and put them on the board. Most didn’t realize that the numbers they gave were irrelevant, it was to placement of the numbers in what I had in mind that changed the outcome.
Then I’d ask them to solve the problem themselves and keep their answer to themselves. Then we’d enter the formula in Excel and hit enter. Probably 75-80% of the time the answer they wrote down and the answer they got in Excel was different.
Usually worked out as a pretty effective tool.
(NOTE: Classes consisted mostly of manufacturing floor assemblers and clerical staff without college degrees looking to expand skill sets.)
It’s not really ambiguous - there is only one correct answer following proper order of operations and you can get to that answer as it is written. However, it could be written more clearly so folks don’t have to think about it as much.
@Safiel I have never seen order of operations taught as right-to-left. Equal operations (division/multiplication and addition/subtraction) are properly dealt with left-to-right. So in this case it is parentheses, then division, the multiplication giving you 8/2(2+2) > 8/2(4) > 4(4) > 16.